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Can Dogs Eat Kale? 5 Important Health Benefits

Can dogs eat kale?

As pet parents, we want the best for our furry companions. That includes a healthy diet. 

With the growing popularity of kale as a nutritious vegetable, many pet parents wonder if it’s okay for dogs to indulge in this leafy green.

It seems like it would be a great addition to your dog’s diet. It’s a healthy snack for people, so why wouldn’t it be the same for dogs?

In this blog post, we’ll explore the world of doggy diets, including how to incorporate this nutrient-packed vegetable into your dog’s diet.

As a bonus, we’ve also included an informative video on how to naturally wash pesticides from vegetables.

A Dog’s Dietary Requirements

Dogs are omnivores, which means they can consume both animal and plant-based foods. They require a specific balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals to maintain optimal health.

Small amounts of kale aren’t going to upset that nutritional balance. In fact, the nutritional benefits of kale make it an excellent choice. 

The basic nutritional requirements for dogs vary depending on their age, activity level, and overall health. However, there are some general nutritional guidelines that dog owners should follow:


Dogs require high-quality animal-based protein for muscle development, repair, and overall growth. Good sources of protein include lean meats (chicken, turkey, and beef), fish, and eggs.


Healthy fats provide energy, support healthy skin and fur, and aid in nutrient absorption.

Sources of healthy fats include fish (salmon, sardines, and mackerel, for example), fish oil, flaxseed oil, olive oil, chicken fat, coconut oil, and avocado. 

Remember that while healthy fats are important for dogs, it’s also important to maintain a balanced diet. Even healthy fats can cause weight gain in dogs.


Carbohydrates are a source of energy for dogs. Examples include whole grains (brown rice, oatmeal), vegetables (sweet potatoes, peas), and fruits like blueberries or apples.


Dogs need essential vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin B complex. Kale is a nutrient-dense leafy green vegetable that can contribute to daily vitamin intake.

Kale is an excellent source of:

  • Vitamin A (beta carotene)
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin B6
  • Folate
  • Vitamin E


Essential minerals like calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and iron are vital for strong bones, teeth, and overall health. 


Adequate hydration is crucial for dogs, and access to fresh water should always be available. Water is essential for digestion, circulation, temperature regulation, and overall well-being.

Kale can be a healthy contribution to a dog's diet if done in moderation.

The Potential Benefits of Feeding Kale to Dogs 

When fed in moderation, kale can provide some health benefits for dogs. These include the following:

1. Digestive Health Support

Kale is rich in fiber, which can aid in digestion and prevent constipation. Introduce a small amount of kale to your dog in the beginning. Feeding large amounts of kale can cause gastrointestinal issues. 

2. Nutrient Boost

Incorporating kale into a dog’s diet can provide a significant nutrient boost. Kale is packed with essential vitamins that play vital roles in supporting the immune system, vision health, collagen production, blood clotting, and bone health.

3. Antioxidant Support

Kale contains antioxidants that can benefit a dog’s health. Free radicals can cause oxidative damage to cells, which antioxidants help to prevent. Better immune function can help a dog’s body fight various illnesses while promoting long-term health. 

4. Weight Management

Kale can be a healthy addition to a dog’s diet, especially if it replaces high-calorie treats. Kale is a low-calorie option that is high in fiber. The fiber helps create a feeling of fullness, helping dogs feel satisfied with fewer calories.

5. Eye Health Support

The vitamin A (beta carotene) in kale supports eye health in dogs. Vitamin A is essential for good vision and optimal eye function. 

Can dogs eat kale?

Feeding kale to dogs can be safe when done in moderation. It’s a nutrient-rich vegetable that offers several health benefits. However, there are some things to keep in mind, including the following:


Too much kale can lead to digestive upset, including gas or loose stools. This is because of its high fiber content. It’s best to start with small amounts of cooked or steamed kale. Sudden changes in diet can cause stomach upset in dogs.


Dogs, like humans, can have individual sensitivities or allergies to certain foods. A small amount of kale is generally safe for most dogs. However, there is always the possibility that it won’t sit well with your dog. 

It’s a good idea to watch your dog for digestive issues after feeding kale for the first time. Allergic reactions to kale are rare, but they’re not impossible. Examples of an allergic reaction include:

  • Gastrointestinal issues
  • Skin irritation
  • Respiratory distress
  • Swelling around the face, lips, tongue, or throat (can lead to difficulty breathing and may become a medical emergency)
  • Anaphylaxis (medical emergency)


Thoroughly wash the kale leaves to remove dirt, pesticides, or other potential contaminants. Remove the kale stems and chop the leaves into small pieces to avoid choking hazards. 

Cooking or lightly steaming kale can break down some of the fiber. This makes it easier for dogs to digest.

Watch 4 Ways to Remove Pesticides Naturally 

How to wash fruits and vegetables to remove pesticides | 4 Ways to Remove Pesticides Naturally
Can dogs eat kale? Watch this to learn how to remove the pesticides from these leafy greens.

Existing Health Problems

Dogs with certain health issues, such as hypothyroidism or urinary issues, may need to limit or avoid eating kale. Like other cruciferous vegetables, kale contains compounds called glucosinolates. In large quantities, these can interfere with thyroid gland function and iodine absorption. 

Kale also contains oxalates, which can contribute to the formation of calcium oxalate stones in the urinary tract. 

Dogs prone to urinary issues or those with a history of bladder stones should avoid consuming kale altogether. Additionally, kale should be introduced gradually into a dog’s diet to assess their individual tolerance. 

Can dogs eat kale chips?

Feeding kale chips should be approached with caution.

Commercially prepared kale chips usually contain a lot of seasonings and flavorings that can be harmful to dogs. Additives like salt, garlic, onion powder, or other spices can be toxic or cause digestive upset.

Commercially prepared kale chips also have a high sodium content, along with added oil and fat. If you want to feed your dog kale chips, the best idea is to make them at home. That way, you can control and limit oil and salt. Bake plain kale leaves in the oven at a low temperature without using any seasonings or oils. 

Wash kale before feeding it to your dog to remove pesticides.

How much kale is safe for dogs?

Kale can cause gastric irritation if fed in large amounts and shouldn’t make up more than 10% of your dog’s diet.

If you’re wondering how much 10% of your dog’s diet would be, read this great post: Vegetables for Dogs: Amounts and Advice.

Can my dog eat curly kale?

Yes, in moderation, provided your dog doesn’t have underlying health conditions. Curly kale is just a different variation of kale.

Should I feed my dog raw kale?

Kale is easier for dogs to digest when lightly cooked without added salt, oil, or seasonings. Tear the leaves from the stem and lay them on a baking tray. Place the tray in the oven at about 350 degrees Fahrenheit for about 5 – 6 minutes.

Cook time will vary based on how much kale is on the tray. It can burn very quickly so watch it and take it out the minute it starts to crisp.

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Kale is a good source of fiber and an excellent source of vitamins. In fact, kale can offer valuable nutritional benefits to dogs!

Moderation is key. Too much kale can cause gastrointestinal upset, especially if it’s added to your dog’s diet too quickly. As a general rule, it’s a good idea to consult with your veterinarian before introducing new foods to your dog’s diet.

If you found this post informative, please share and be sure to come back!

Works Cited

Burke, Anna. “Can Dogs Eat Kale?” American Kennel Club, Accessed 5 June 2023.

“Can Dogs Eat Kale? Or Is Kale for Dogs Bad? – Ultimate Home Life.” Ultimate Home Life, Accessed 5 June 2023.

“Can Dogs Eat Kale? Pros and Cons + 3 Best Recipes Included!” Dog Food Guide, 26 Oct. 2021,

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